The German boxer, or simply the boxer, is a representative of a large, stocky and smooth-haired breed. Bred in Germany, it is widely known for its excellent security qualities. Boxer becomes for his master a great companion and a true friend.
German boxers used as bodyguard dogs, as watchdogs and for work in law enforcement. Representatives of this breed are intelligent and balanced, which allows them to be used as guides for the blind. A boxer dog is by nature very mobile, loves to be in the fresh air, for a long time to walk, frolic in the open air. Despite her sociability and friendliness towards the owner and family members, she has a cautious attitude towards strangers, is wary of them.
Boxer breed history.
The ancestors of the German boxer are the Bulldogs and mastiffs. It is because of the mixing of their blood that this breed came into being, which began to conquer the world since 1896.
Boxers sample of the late XIX century and modern boxers – this is not the same thing. In those early years, they were used as shepherds for the transport of goods and hunting for wild boars and bison. Often, the most initial members of the breed became participants in dog fighting and even fighting with bulls. During World War I, the German army successfully used them as postmen and intelligence officers. At the same time, German boxers showed themselves as guide dogs. Later, the dogs of this breed revealed their “creative” talents, successfully performing in the circus and theatrical performances.
An interesting version of the earlier origin of the boxers. Some researchers claim that their direct ancestors are the Tibetan dogs, who turned out to be in Rome and Greece in ancient times. It is believed that ancient boxers were bigger and more aggressive. Their bloodthirstiness helped them to cope with military tasks. They were used for protection and as a pickling dog during a hunt for large forest game, as well as in the popular entertainment of those times – dog battles, which, according to the intensity of passions, were almost as good as gladiatorial.
From the end of the nineteenth century, the German boxer began to conquer the world, he had many fans in different parts of the world, even opening clubs dedicated to this incredibly stately, stand-up and beautiful dog. Her appearance seems aggressive (sometimes it may seem that she is ready to rush at the stranger and tear him apart), but behind her lies good nature and docile nature. In this great merit, breeders who have done everything possible to agility, endurance, and speed of reaction were added and featured such as kindness and poise.
Features of the German boxer.
The German boxer at the age of 18 months is already an adult dog, completely formed physically. However, the inner world is still “childish” by the age of one and a half years. For this reason, attempts to teach the dog during the period of his emotional immaturity are almost hopeless, that is, he does not react to commands, the owner even begins to feel that he is talking to a deaf person. But at one point in learning, a breakthrough comes, and your pet suddenly begins to understand everything that they had previously tried to teach him, but in vain.
The boxer is a sociable dog, with other four-footed inhabitants of the house it gets on quickly, but sometimes the character domination takes over, and it starts chasing the yard cats. It happens that the dog of this breed quickly gets involved in a fight with other dogs, and he often provokes brawls himself. By nature, a boxer is a real fighter, and he is clever, brave, and strong. If you train him properly, you can bring up an excellent guard. The children’s spontaneity inherent in the boxer remains with him for the rest of his life. The dog shows an enviable stubbornness but never achieves its goal by aggression. His primary weapon is humor and charm, which no loving owner can resist.
Representatives of this breed have an amazing sensitivity, and they are brilliant and cunning. Sometimes they are noisy, which is perceived by some owners as a drawback; therefore, to develop the best character traits and minimize drawbacks, it is necessary to train boxers. With the right approach to this task, you can achieve amazing results, since boxers perceive training as a game and easily give in to it.
Appearance and special features of the breed.
Boxers have a stocky build. They are also called "square" dogs because their height and length are about the same values. Wide and deep chest, coupled with a strong back with a slight bias in the pelvic region is consistent with this type of physique. However, the representatives of this breed do not look squat – rather the contrary. The dogs look stately. They have a proud posture and all thanks to the lean muscles and lean belly. Their limbs are massive, correctly positioned, without curvature. Therefore they do not spoil the “figure”. The neck of a boxer is of medium length, strong and muscular, and the tail is long and even.
A distinctive feature of the breed is the lower jaw, which is slightly protruding forward, the nose slightly turned up, and the high-set ears are thin, slightly hanging forward. When circumcision (cupping), they acquire a fine form, which gives them the correct formulation. The boxer’s eyes are dark, smart, and they can tell a lot about the breed. Curiosity can be read in the eye; it glows with energy, but not with aggression.
The skin of boxers, except the forehead and cheeks, fits snugly and does not form any folds. Wool – short, hard – also fits snugly. Only two colors are considered classic for German boxers: red and tiger. The first can vary from deep red to light yellow. The tiger has its own “extremes”: from golden to darkly dark. The breed standard assumes that the stripes should be in the form of clear lines.
Whatever the color, a kind of dark mask is an invariable attribute on the dog’s face. The presence of white markings that make the breed aesthetic is acceptable. White, black, gray dogs with a large number of stripes and spots are considered "defective". And another thing: if you plan to send your pet to the exhibition, you will have to sacrifice the ear and tail cupping. Experts do not strongly recommend such manipulations with a boxer.
The head corresponds to the proportions of the body and, giving the dog a special identity, does not look too massive or too light. The muzzle, ideally, as wide and powerful as possible. The correct ratio of the skull and the muzzle provides the boxer with the harmony of his head. Wherever you look – from the front, side or top – the muzzle relative to the skull remains in the right proportion and does not look too small.
The head of the boxer is dry, and there are no folds and wrinkles on it. The latter is formed, and this is allowed, only in cases where something has alerted the dog. On the face, on both sides, are natural wrinkles. But not everywhere, but only in the area from the base of the nose bridge down. Against the general background of the muzzle, a black mask is visible. Despite the gloomy shade, it does not give the dog a sullen look.
The upper region of the skull is not full, not flat and extremely angular. Its shape is somewhat convex, but not shortened and not spherical. The expression of the mound in the occipital region is not excessive. The furrow on the forehead (first of all, the area between the eyes), does not differ in depth and is only slightly visible. The area from the forehead to the back of the nose has a shoulder, which is visible. The end of the nose is not lowered and, unlike the Bulldogs, not turned up.
The lower jaw, if we compare it with the upper, is slightly longer. Its distinctive feature is the curvature upwards. The base of the upper jaw is wide, tapering towards the end. Boxer’s teeth are distinguished by excellent health, very strong. The canines are impressive in size, widely spaced. The incisors are located on the same line, very smooth. The bite form of the dog is a snack.
The eyes of the boxers are rather big, of a dark color, they are not set deep, and the bulge does not differ. The edges of the eyelids are also dark. Dogs look intelligently and energetically at the same time; their eyes are kind and do not carry any threat.
Located on the sides in the upper region of the skull, their landing is high, and the size is commensurate. In a state where the dog does not bother, and there is no need to listen to the sounds, adjacent to the cheekbones. If your pet is on guard, the ears will immediately turn forward, forming a clear bend.
Nose and lips.
Thanks to the nose, the dog’s muzzle has a complete look, its tip is slightly above the base. The lobe is slightly bent up. It is wide. The color is black, the nostrils are also wide.
Upper lip pronounced, fleshy. It covers the free area, which is formed since the lower jaw is longer. Support the upper lip lower canines.
The neck of the boxer is dry, muscular and at the same time round and long (but not excessively). From the mound on the nape in the direction of the withers, the upper border of the neck forms a graceful arc.
The wither of the boxer is clearly expressed, the body is supported by strong, developed limbs. The back is wide, with a “pumped up” muscular system, but short and even. The croup is somewhat round, wide, slightly tilted. The pelvis, first of all, it refers to the female individuals, wide and long.
The chest area is so deep that it goes down to the elbows and is equal to half the height of the dog at the withers. Its front part is dominant, superbly developed.
The bottom line has an elegant curve in the direction of the ischial tubercle. Groin length can not boast, moderately taut.
It has a high enough landing. Usually, it is not stopped, that is, left unchanged – the way it is by nature.
If you stand in front of a dog, you can see that the front legs are parallel to each other. The backbone of the limbs is strong.
The blades are firmly connected to the body, differ in length, and have a slope. The shoulders are also long, located relative to the shoulder blades at the correct angle. Elbows pressed to the chest is not too tight.
The forearms are also not short, and they are upright and muscular. Patterns, on the contrary, are short, almost sheer. The wrists are marked: they are strong, but not too massive.
The front legs are rounded, they are small, compact, hard and elastic pads. The hind legs are naturally well pumped, straight, thighs are wide and long.
Hind feet slightly longer than the front ones. They are also compact, and the pads are firm and elastic.
When a boxer is calm, his knee joints move so clearly forward that they even reach a conditional perpendicular, outlined in the direction of the surface from the iliac tubercles.
Muscle is inherent in the legs. Although the hock joints are not massive, they are strong and well pronounced.
The hair fits tightly to the skin. It is short and hard, glitters.
Boxers are red or brindle color. Shades of the first are allowed any, ranging from light yellow to red-brown. The most typical of the breed or, in other words, the preferred red-ginger tone.
Brindle color has the appearance of dark or black stripes on a red background. They should be clearly defined and contrasted with the background. White areas are not forbidden and, accordingly, the breed is not considered a “marriage” – on the contrary, they can even decorate a dog.
Various variations that do not meet the breed standards listed above are considered disadvantages. Evaluation of these deficiencies should be carried out according to the degree of their severity, as well as by how they affect the dog’s daily life and health.
Physical: congenital short tail. Behavioral: cowardice or, conversely, aggressiveness.
Defects of the testes: in healthy males, they must be normally developed, wholly lowered into the scrotum.
Any member of the breed showing obvious physical defects or deviations in behavior should be disqualified.
The German boxer lives on average 11-12 years. There are happy exceptions to this rule.